Chapter

The Problem of Evil

Robert Audi

in Rationality and Religious Commitment

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780199609574
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731822 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609574.003.0009
The Problem of Evil

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How is evil—and so much of it—possible if God, as conceived in classical theism, is sovereign in the universe? This chapter explains how moral evil (wrongdoing) can occur under God—given human freedom as a crucial element in understanding that evil—and how such natural evils as suffering in earthquakes are possible, given some plausible assumptions about the kind of universe one might think God would create. The explanation proceeds in the light of a theory of value and related points concerning the understanding of God’s possible relations to the universe conceived as divinely created.

Keywords: evil; moral evil; human freedom; natural evil; wrongdoing

Chapter.  17372 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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