Chapter

The Challenge of Naturalism

Robert Audi

in Rationality and Religious Commitment

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780199609574
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731822 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609574.003.0010
The Challenge of Naturalism

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The central focus of this chapter is the comparison between a naturalistic worldview—on which only natural phenomena exist—and a theistic worldview on which God as supernatural exists. The chapter clarifies naturalism and its relation to a scientific approach to understanding the physical world, personhood as understood both for finite persons and for God, and mental causation as essential to agency in any person. This exploration requires considering the relation between the mental and the physical, the possibility of divine embodiment, the intelligibility of surviving bodily death, the notion of explanation, and the conception of simplicity in a worldview.

Keywords: naturalism; supernaturalism; personhood; mental causation; agency; divine embodiment; bodily death; explanation; simplicity

Chapter.  15483 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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