Chapter

Plato on <i>Eudaimonia</i>

A. W. Price

in Virtue and Reason in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199609611
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731846 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609611.003.0002
Plato on Eudaimonia

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In various Platonic dialogues we meet phrases like ‘first friend’, ‘be happy’, ‘doing well’ used to connote a final end of action. Related goods may be useful instruments (but their use needs to be guided by reason), or aspects of acting well. The final end of action is realized in action, and is not a consequence of action. eudaimonia is a goal set before each agent as soon as he starts to act; it is not chosen and cannot be renounced. This conception underlies the Socratic paradox, ‘No one does evil willingly.’ The value of acting well consists in order and structure, values also found in the universe outside the world of action.

Keywords: eudaimonia; doing well; acting well; good; luck

Chapter.  12096 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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