Chapter

Aristotle on Virtue

A. W. Price

in Virtue and Reason in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199609611
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731846 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609611.003.0005
Aristotle on Virtue

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Aristotle places ethical virtues as qualities of a level of the soul that can respect reason but not reason in its own right. This fits his locating of pathē (‘affections’ or ‘emotions’) within the same stratum; this stratum does not contain beliefs, though emotions often connect with beliefs in the rational soul. He argues for a unity of the virtues that does not identify them, but requires possessing them all if one is to count fully as possessing any one. This fits with the role of practical wisdom, and an assumption that a man cannot act badly because he possesses some virtue. Such a unity can be defended, once we appreciate that all virtues are oriented towards an agent’s acting well.

Keywords: virtue; pathos; emotion; affection; courage; unity; mean; Müller

Chapter.  17016 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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