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Catholic Identity and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1520‐1635

Judith Pollmann

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780199609918
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191729690 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609918.001.0001

Series: The Past & Present Book Series

Catholic Identity and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1520‐1635

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Mining the diaries, memoirs and poems written by Catholics in the sixteenth-century Low Countries, this book explores how Catholics experienced religious and political change in the generations between Erasmus and Rubens. The general aim of the book is to demonstrate that by problematizing the relationship between clerics and laypeople, we can gain a better insight in the changing fortunes of the Catholic Church. The Revolt that ripped apart the sixteenth-century Netherlands came at the expense of a civil war, that eventually became a war of religion. This book revolves around two questions. The first concerns the passive way in which Catholics responded to Calvinist aggression in the early decades of the conflict; the second aim is to account for the very active support that laypeople in the Southern Netherlands, after 1585, began to show for a Catholic revival. The book argues that both phenomena can be explained by way in which the clergy interacted with the laity. Initially, clerics tried to contain the Reformation by presenting it as an internal problem, in which lay people should not become involved. This attitude changed around 1580. Traditional Christians began to radicalise and identify themselves as Catholics, while in Catholic exile centres, new relationships were forged between laypeople and clerics, who at last acknowledged the need to involve the laity. After 1585, priests and politicians in the Habsburg Netherlands devised a religious way for believers to ‘do their bit’ to end the war. In the process, this sealed the division of the Netherlands.

Keywords: Habsburg Netherlands; Dutch Revolt; Catholics; laity; clergy; reformation; counterreformation; diaries

Book.  272 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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Table of Contents

Introduction in Catholic Identity and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1520‐1635

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A pious people in Catholic Identity and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1520‐1635

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Each should tend his own garden in Catholic Identity and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1520‐1635

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Retribution and reform, 1566–1571 in Catholic Identity and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1520‐1635

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‘Catholics were not asked’ in Catholic Identity and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1520‐1635

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Reconciliation and atonement, 1585–1598 in Catholic Identity and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1520‐1635

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Marshalling the sacred, 1598–1621 in Catholic Identity and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1520‐1635

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Epilogue: Tilburg, 1633 in Catholic Identity and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1520‐1635

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