Chapter 4 Many Catholics initially supported the Revolt, but the emergence of the Calvinist Republics around 1580 forged a radicalisation of Netherlandish Catholics. They saw the Calvinist reformation of public and economic life as an attack on their religion, but also as an infringement of the values and traditions of the ‘commons’. As the corporate culture of the towns began to disintegrate under the pressures of religious conflict, this enhanced the identification of citizens with their own religious group, and gave Catholics a new focus for their dissatisfaction. Catholics began to take pride in their own opposition and resilience, a pride that increasingly expressed itself in a vocabulary of election and comparisons with the people of Israel.
Keywords: Dutch Revolt; Pacification of Ghent; William of Orange; mutinies; propaganda; Calvinist Republics; commons; Catholic identity
Chapter. 15412 words.
Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
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