Reconciliation and atonement, 1585–1598

Judith Pollmann

in Catholic Identity and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1520‐1635

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780199609918
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191729690 | DOI:

Series: The Past & Present Book Series

Reconciliation and atonement, 1585–1598

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This chapter points to three factors that helped to win over the Southerners to support a Catholic revival. First, it draws attention to the returning Catholic refugees, who became the new elite in the South. While in exile, these had forged links with clergymen who had themselves realised they needed help from the laity. The second factor was the religious orders, new and old. Local elites favoured those clerical initiatives that engaged the laity, and orders adopted new forms of activism which could spread rapidly. Finally, there was a new discourse about heresy and the remedies for the ongoing war. Catholics were now taught how to talk to heretics. And while they continued to consider the Revolt as a divine punishment, lay Catholics could now ‘do their bit’ to fight the causes of the war.

Keywords: Reconciliation; refugees; urban elites; religious orders; Jesuits; sodalities; education; propaganda; Franciscus Costerus; divine punishment; comparisons with Israel

Chapter.  16594 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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