Chapter

Regular sound change and word‐initial */i̯/‐ in Armenian

Daniel Kölligan

in Laws and Rules in Indo‐European

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199609925
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741579 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609925.003.0009
Regular sound change and word‐initial */i̯/‐ in Armenian

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  • Historical and Diachronic Linguistics
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One of the well-known cruces in Armenian historical phonology is the question of the development of Indo-European /y/ in word-initial position, for which no fewer than four different outcomes seem to present themselves, /dz/ as in jez ‘you [acc.pl.]’ ~ skt. yūyam, /dž/ as in ǰowr ‘water’ ~ lith. jūres, /Ø/ as in nêr/ner ‘sister-in-law’ 〈 IE *(H)yenh2ter-, and /l/ as in lowc 'yoke' ~ skt. yugam. In spite of the scantiness of the material available for comparison a careful reexamination shows that the regular sound change */y/ 〉 /dž/ proposed by Meillet is preferable to other solutions. Forms speaking in favour of this assumption are, beside ǰowr, ǰanam ‘to try, to make an effort’ (~ Gk. ζῆλος ‘zeal, effort’) and ǰov ‘sprout’ (~ Gk. ζε ‘spelt’), while other words usually considered in this context (cf. also leard 'liver', jow 'egg') admit of different explanations.

Keywords: sound change; analogy; Classical Armenian; etymology; palatal approximant; postalveolar affricate; word-initial position

Chapter.  6616 words. 

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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