Chapter

Schrijver's rules for British and Proto‐Celtic <i>*‐ou̯‐</i> and <i>*‐uu̯‐</i> before a vowel

Nicholas Zair

in Laws and Rules in Indo‐European

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199609925
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741579 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609925.003.0010
Schrijver's rules for British and Proto‐Celtic *‐ou̯‐ and *‐uu̯‐ before a vowel

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  • Historical and Diachronic Linguistics
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It is usually assumed that *-uu̮- and *-ou̮- before a vowel fell together as *-ou̮- in Proto-Celtic, which nonetheless gave three different reflexes in Welsh and two in Vannetais e.g. *tou̮e 〉 Middle Welsh teu ‘yours’, *lou̮ero- 〉 MW. llawer ‘large number, enough’, *suu̮ano- 〉 MW. huan ‘sunlight’. According to Schrijver (Studies in British Celtic historical phonology (Amsterdam/Atlanta, GA: Rodopi 1995): 326-45) these developments were governed both by the position of the British accent, and by the vowel following *-ou̮-. This article shows that *-uu̮- and *-u̮- remained separate in British and hence in Proto-Celtic, although they may have fallen together in Irish and Gaulish. In British they subsequently fell together under the accent, but gave different reflexes in pretonic position in Welsh and Vannetais.

Keywords: Proto-Celtic; British; Welsh; Cornish; Breton; historical phonology; accent

Chapter.  6133 words. 

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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