Chapter

Brugmann's Law: the problem of Indo‐Iranian thematic nouns and adjectives

Elizabeth Tucker

in Laws and Rules in Indo‐European

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199609925
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741579 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609925.003.0014
Brugmann's Law: the problem of Indo‐Iranian thematic nouns and adjectives

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The sound change Indo-European *o 〉 Indo-Iranian -ā- in open syllables, known as Brugmann’s Law, is now widely accepted, but there are a number of remaining problems, particularly in respect to the class of thematic nouns and adjectives in Vedic and Old Iranian. The chapter approaches this class in a different way from previous studies as it uses the early Rigvedic and Old Iranian evidence firstly to reconstruct the formal and functional categories that must have existed in Indo-Iranian. Then by taking into consideration the evidence from the late Rigveda and the two recensions of the Atharvaveda, it attempts to identify the type of forms that were productive in Old Indo-Aryan and to distinguish others that may represent archaisms. It is argued that most conform to patterns that were productive at a recent prehistoric or historic stage but two sub-categories contain older forms and support Brugmann's Law.

Keywords: Indo-Iranian; Vedic; Rigveda; Atharvaveda; Old Iranian; Avestan; Old Persian; thematic nominal stems; nomina agentis; nomina actionis

Chapter.  12253 words. 

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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