Chapter

Kiparsky's Rule, thematic nasal presents, and athematic <i>verba vocalia</i> in Greek

Andreas Willi

in Laws and Rules in Indo‐European

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199609925
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741579 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609925.003.0015
Kiparsky's Rule, thematic nasal presents, and athematic verba vocalia in Greek

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  • Historical and Diachronic Linguistics
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According to a phonological rule first proposed by Paul Kiparsky in order to account for the thematic 3sg. in -ει and other forms, word-final *-VTi metathesized to -Vi(T) in prehistoric Greek. Because of its apparent violation of the neogrammarian principle of exceptionless sound change, the rule was subsequently restricted by Warren Cowgill, but even in Cowgill’s formulation its scope remained problematic. This chapter argues that the rule should be accepted more or less as suggested by Kiparsky, and that deviant outcomes may be accounted for by sentence sandhi. Crucial support for the rule comes from the early thematization of nasal presents to roots with final *-h1-, triggered by the paradigmatically central 3sg. in -νει 〈 *-neh1-ti, and from the athematization of verba vocalia in Aeolic, where a 3sg. in (e.g.) -ει 〈 *--ēi̮ 〈 *-ei̮ei̮ led to analogical remodelling after originally athematic verbs such as τίθημι (3sg. *τίθει).

Keywords: Aeolic; analogy; Cowgill’s Law; Greek dialects; nasal presents; neogrammarians; Osthoff’s Law; sandhi; thematic inflection

Chapter.  7888 words. 

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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