Humanist versus associativist approaches to global equality

Pablo Gilabert

in From Global Poverty to Global Equality

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199639717
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739033 | DOI:
Humanist versus associativist approaches to global equality

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This chapter starts the exploration and arbitration of the debate between humanist and associativist accounts of global egalitarianism. Section 6.1 introduces the distinction between the two accounts. Section 6.2 recalls the three kinds of distributive principles mentioned in Chapter 1 and marks the transition in focus from global sufficientarianism to global egalitarianism. Section 6.3 provides a critical survey of associativist approaches to distributive equality, organized by their reference to different kinds of associative frameworks and grounds. The core critical argument is that although these associativist accounts may provide prima facie sufficient conditions for the application of egalitarian principles, they do not identify necessary conditions. Thus the humanist approach, which envisages global egalitarian responsibilities amongst those who do not share associative frameworks, cannot be ruled out from the start. Many argue that the increasingly deep and intense process of globalization is rendering the debate between humanism and associativism irrelevant. Section 5.4 argues that this assumption is mistaken.

Keywords: global egalitarianism; associativist egalitarianism; humanist egalitarianism; institutionalism; coercion and autonomy; cooperation and reciprocity; interdependence; natural duty of justice; Michael Blake; Andrea Sangiovanni

Chapter.  14913 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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