Chapter

The Politics of Trade

Peter J. Marshall

in Remaking the British Atlantic

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199640355
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739279 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640355.003.0006
The Politics of Trade

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Commerce was the most contentious issue in Anglo‐American relations after the war. Americans regarded the development of a merchant marine and oceanic trade as essential elements of their independence. They hoped for a connection with Britain based on equality: Britain would have access to their market, while they would be able to trade freely throughout the British empire, especially with the West Indies. Britain hoped to recover American markets, but those who devised post‐war commercial policy were determined both to protect British shipping and to limit American maritime competition by excluding American ships from the West Indies and other British colonies. Negotiations with America for a commercial treaty were broken off. This situation was intensely resented in America. There were advocates in Britain of free trade with the Americans, but the exclusions remained the policy of the British government.

Keywords: commerce; free trade; shipping; British empire; West Indies; markets

Chapter.  11346 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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