Chapter

Transatlantic Protestants

Peter J. Marshall

in Remaking the British Atlantic

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199640355
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739279 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640355.003.0016
Transatlantic Protestants

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During the colonial period British Protestant denominations had established themselves in America. Right up to the Revolution most American Protestants kept close links with their colleagues in Britain, seeking financial and political support from them. Denominations were split by the war, although the established churches of England, outside the American south, and of Scotland tended to favour the British side and many Dissenters adhered to the American cause. Some American denominations were strengthened by the war while others lost ground. Independence brought about significant changes in relations between British and American Protestants. American denominations now generally ran their affairs without much reference to Britain, sometimes obtaining formal recognition of their autonomy. At the same time evangelical revivals were challenging denominations' authority and tending towards their fragmentation or the emergence of wholly new religious movements.

Keywords: Protestant; southern states; Church of England; Church of Scotland; Dissenters; Quakers; evangelical

Chapter.  10058 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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