Newcastle and Carlisle: Reconstructing the Roman Wall

Richard Hingley

in Hadrian's Wall

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199641413
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745720 | DOI:
Newcastle and Carlisle: Reconstructing the Roman Wall

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This chapter explores the role given to the Roman Wall as a genealogical frontier, drawing in particular on the actions and writings of Matthew Ridley, George Smith, William Stukeley, and John Warburton. Stukeley and Warburton considered the Roman Wall to represent a physical marker of Roman civility in a frontier context, an issue that was brought into sharp focus by the troubled events of 1745. Warburton's argument for the restoration of the civil frontier is reminiscent of the proposal in the Elizabethan Epystle to build a new frontier work, an idea that arose from an earlier threat of invasion from the north. The drawing of political and military lessons from the Roman Wall provides one explanation for the quantity of antiquarian research that was conducted during the first half of the eighteenth century and the number of consequent publications.

Keywords: genealogical frontier; Matthew Ridley; George Smith; William Stukeley; John Warburton

Chapter.  7103 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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