Chapter

Christianity, Mass Society, and Cold War, 1945–72

Robert Tobin

in The Minority Voice

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199641567
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738418 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641567.003.0005

Series: Oxford Historical Monographs

Christianity, Mass Society, and Cold War, 1945–72

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This chapter focuses on Butler's writings after the Second World War and his efforts to confront the impact of totalitarian thought on Western society. It offers close readings of some of his most prominent post‐war writings, and in the process, introduces his preoccupation with exposing the compulsory conversion campaign waged against Orthodox Serbs in Croatia during the war. It accounts for how this concern led to the most traumatic experience of his public life, the so‐called ‘Papal Nuncio Incident’ of 1952. It explores his concern with the creeping anonymity of modern life, exploited by totalitarian regimes before and during the war but also evident after the war in the capitalist West. His travels in China in the fifties, as well as in Europe and the USA in the sixties, confirmed for him this assessment.

Keywords: Totalitarianism; Compulsory Conversion Campaign; Cardinal Stepinac; Ante Pavelitch; Anti‐Communism; Cold War; Peadar O'Donnell; Papal Nuncio Incident; Mass Society; Maoist China

Chapter.  16069 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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