Regaining Control? Capital Controls and the Global Financial Crisis

Kevin P. Gallagher

in The Consequences of the Global Financial Crisis

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199641987
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741586 | DOI:

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The Global Financial Crisis has triggered a transformation in thinking and practice regarding the role of government in managing international capital flows. This chapter traces and evaluates the reemergence of capital controls as legitimate tools to promote financial stability. Whereas capital controls were seen as orthodox in the neoliberal era that began in the late 1970s, there is now an emerging consensus that capital controls can play a legitimate role in promoting financial stability. From 2009 to early 2011, a number of developing nations resorted to capital controls to halt the appreciation of their currencies, and to pursue independent monetary policies to cool asset bubbles and inflation. This chapter evaluates he effectiveness of these controls is conducted for the cases of Brazil, South Korea, and Taiwan. This analysis suggests that Brazil and Taiwan have been relatively successful in deploying controls, though South Korea’s success has been more modest. The fact that capital controls continue to yield positive results is truly remarkable given the fact that there has been little (or contrary) support for global coordination, and that many nations lack the necessary institutions for effective policies. The chapter concludes by pointing to the need for more concerted global and national efforts to manage global capital flows for stability and growth.

Keywords: Global Financial Crisis; economic development; international political economy; Taiwan; Brazil; South Korea

Chapter.  11264 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Political Economy ; Financial Institutions and Services

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