Chapter

The Argument From Relatives

Timothy Clarke

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199644384
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191743344 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644384.003.0005

Series: Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy

The Argument From Relatives

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In his commentary on Metaphysics A 9 Alexander of Aphrodisias describes a number of Platonist arguments for Forms, drawing upon Aristotle's now lost work Peri ideȏn. The chapter is a detailed examination of the most complex of these Platonist arguments, the so‐called ‘Argument from Relatives’. It is shown that this argument is best understood as a reductio ad absurdum of anti‐Platonism. The anti‐Platonist's rejection of a paradigmatic Form of Equal commits him to the claim that equality is predicated of the sensible equals homonymously. If he is to avoid this unwelcome consequence, he must grant the existence of the Form.

Keywords: Aristotle; Peri ideȏn; Platonism; Forms; relatives; Alexander of Aphrodisias

Chapter.  12118 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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