“Lasnik‐Effects” and String‐Vacuous ATB Movement*

Jun Abe and Norbert Hornstein

in Ways of Structure Building

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199644933
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741609 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics

“Lasnik‐Effects” and String‐Vacuous ATB Movement*

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The question raised in this chapter is why string-vacuous movement is insensitive to locality effects. It argues that, although such movement creates a normal chain, it is the bottom copy that is pronounced due to the fact that overt movement must have a PF effect. Since such locality effects, as caused by the Right Roof Constraint (RRC) and island conditions, apply only to “overt” movement, it follows that string-vacuous movement does not show locality effects. Thus, the chapter supports Sabbagh”s (2007) Across-the-Board (ATB) movement analysis of Right Node Raising (RNR): the latter always involves ATB movement. This idea is implemented in Lasnikian (2001) fashion: copy deletion as it applies within ATB chains results in the elimination of “offending” copies, thereby “saving” otherwise illicit derivations. The authors show that a refinement of Sabbagh”s analysis accommodates Japanese Left Node Raising (LNR) constructions, the mirror image of English RNR structures.

Keywords: string-vacuous movement; across-the-board movement; right node raising; left node raising; locality insensitivity; PF output condition; single cycle hypothesis; right edge restriction

Chapter.  14115 words. 

Subjects: Linguistics

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