Chapter

Structure Building From Below: More on Survive and Covert Movement<sup>1</sup>

Winfried Lechner

in Ways of Structure Building

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199644933
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741609 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644933.003.0013

Series: Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics

Structure Building From Below: More on Survive and Covert Movement1

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In derivational models, syntactic dislocation can be motivated by one of two requirements. Either a node moves in order to obtain a closer relation with a matching set of features higher in the tree, or movement evacuates a category from a local environment with which it is incompatible. This chapter discusses the second conception: movement is not teleological but serves the purpose of resolving local conflicts. Specifically, it proposes that various aspects of dislocation are best understood as a consequence of The Survive Principle (TSP; Stroik 2009). Based on Lechner (2009), the chapter suggests that syntactic movement and type driven dislocation are induced by one factor that shows up in two guises: incompatibility of a node with its sister node and its feature specification and/or logical type. The chapter also shows that the TSP model admits a unified analysis of scope restrictions on double object construction and inverse linking.

Keywords: movement; scope; locality; double object construction; type driven interpretation; inverse linking; predicate fronting; scrambling

Chapter.  12017 words. 

Subjects: Linguistics

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