On Transparent Adjuncts in Japanese*

Yoichi Miyamoto

in Ways of Structure Building

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199644933
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741609 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics

On Transparent Adjuncts in Japanese*

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This chapter shows that adjuncts are sometimes transparent in Japanese. The case examined is comparative deletion in Japanese where the Japanese equivalent of the English than-clause, the yori-clause, is adjoined to the floating quantifier (FQ) oozei/takusan “many.” The chapter shows that, the yori-clause can be scrambled out of the complex FQ formed by the yori-clause and oozei/takusan despite the adjunct status of this complex FQ. Adopting MacDonald’s (2006, 2008a, b, 2009) proposal on inner aspect, the chapter argues that only when this complex FQ establishes an Agree relation with Asp can the yori-clause move out of this complex FQ. The chapter concludes that to examine the presence/absence of adjunct condition effects, and to address the question of whether adjuncts are inherent barriers for movement, we need to examine the structural level where adjuncts are merged, and any establishment of Agree relationship with the elements in the matrix clause.

Keywords: adjunct condition effects; agree; inner aspect; aspect phrase; comparative deletion; floating quantifiers; scrambling; secondary predicates

Chapter.  11420 words. 

Subjects: Linguistics

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