Demand Response and Infrastructure Development in the United States

LeRoy Paddock and Charlotte Youngblood

in Energy Networks and the Law

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199645039
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738647 | DOI:
Demand Response and Infrastructure Development in the United States

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Demand response (DR) describes approaches to reducing electricity demand by end-users rather than adding generation to increase the ‘supply’ of electricity. DR programmes attempt to encourage consumers to either change their electricity usage at certain time periods (‘load shifting’ or ‘peak load shaving’), or to reduce overall electricity use permanently (energy efficiency). Under United States law, ‘demand response’ is defined as ‘a reduction in the consumption of electric energy by customers from their expected consumption in response to an increase in the price of electric energy or to incentive payments designed to induce lower consumption of electric energy’. This chapter explores the evolution of DR programmes in the United States and their impact on electricity networks.

Keywords: energy demand; demand response programmes; electricity consumption; electricity networks

Chapter.  8971 words. 

Subjects: Environment and Energy Law

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