Republics and Freedom

Mark Philp and Z. A. Pelczynski

in Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199645060
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741616 | DOI:
Republics and Freedom

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This chapter discusses the republican dimension of Machiavelli’s political thought, and its relationship to The Prince. It argues that Machiavelli has a clear preference for republican rule, and republican freedom. Freedom is understood as active citizenship and self-government under the law, for which a condition is equal subordination to the state and the law. Machiavelli is not a liberal, he wants liberty for his people; he assumes national egoism. He admired courage, energy, and independence of mind–〈M〉all a part of virtue.

Keywords: freedom; self-government; law; republicanism; liberalism; virtue; individualism; class conflict

Chapter.  6895 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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