Chapter

Obligation, Law, and Covenant II

Mark Philp and Z. A. Pelczynski

in Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199645060
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741616 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645060.003.0009
Obligation, Law, and Covenant II

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The chapter examines Hobbes’s understanding of law and authority, crucially, the difference between laws of nature and civil law; it criticizes accounts that base obligation on God’s command; and argues that it is not having a common sovereign that makes a community, but their having rules to which they can appeal to–〈M〉the sovereign enforces, but does not create the obligation, and he enforces the law of nature, he does not create it. Moreover, Hobbes sees civil and natural law as mutually supportive.

Keywords: Hobbes; laws of nature; law; obligation; command; God; sovereign; consent; power; authority; punishment; imprudence; injustice

Chapter.  8689 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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