France: A Cross-Pressured Bureaucracy

Edward Page

in Policy Without Politicians

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199645138
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745157 | DOI:
France: A Cross-Pressured Bureaucracy

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Bureaucratic involvement in the development of everyday policy is certainly not unexpected in France since it is supposed to be a ‘statist’ country. Less expected was the great importance of interest groups in developing secondary legislation. The substantive procedural constraints on bureaucratic decision-making — the requirements for formal processes of internal consultation and approval — interact with the dependence on interest groups to create a range of cross-pressures on the bureaucracy. The specific character of political leadership structures mean that some of these will be resolved at bureaucratic level, but they are also pushed to a different politico-administrative level of decision-making through the institutions surrounding the ministerial cabinets.

Keywords: France; bureaucracy; interest groups; delegation; secondary legislation; policy-making; political leadership

Chapter.  10031 words. 

Subjects: UK Politics

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