JT Paasch

in Divine Production in Late Medieval Trinitarian Theology

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199646371
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739293 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Theological Monographs


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This chapter introduces the central problem of the book: how exactly does one divine person produce another (e.g. how does the Father “beget” a Son)? It would seem that a divine person would have to be produced with materials (which seems implausible, since God is supposed to be entirely immaterial), or without materials (which cannot be either, for that would amount to creation from nothing, which the earliest Christian Creeds deny). This chapter also discusses the philosophical and theological background to the problem. On the philosophical side, Aristotle and Avicenna are particularly important because they articulate some key philosophical intuitions about production. On the theological side, the Creed of Nicea and the Fourth Lateran Council of 1215 are significant, for they set the theological boundaries of the playing field.

Keywords: Aristotle; Avicenna; Nicea; Lateran IV; production; creation; subordination; Trinity

Chapter.  8905 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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