JT Paasch

in Divine Production in Late Medieval Trinitarian Theology

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199646371
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739293 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Theological Monographs


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This chapter summarizes what Henry of Ghent, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham each have to say about the question of divine production. Henry insists that the divine essence plays the role of materials in divine production, but Scotus and Ockham both reject this, though they disagree about the nature of the formal terminus of production. Henry also claims that the divine essence is the ultimate source of God’s internal productive activity, but it still needs to be “determined” by its connections with the productive activities based on it. Scotus and Ockham both reject this too, though they disagree about whether this entails subordinationism. This chapter concludes by suggesting that although the scholastics did not question basic doctrinal claims (derived, say, from Nicea or Lateran IV), they did feel free to question philosophical claims (such as the idea that the divine persons are produced without materials).

Keywords: Henry of Ghent; John Duns Scotus; William Ockham; divine production; formal terminus; power; basis; relationships; Trinity

Chapter.  3915 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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