Chapter

Alexander, Priene, and Naulochon

Peter Thonemann

in Epigraphical Approaches to the Post-classical Polis

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780199652143
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745935 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652143.003.0003

Series: Oxford Studies in Ancient Documents

Alexander, Priene, and Naulochon

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This chapter offers a new reconstruction of Alexander the Great's fragmentary edict to Priene (I. Priene 1; Rhodes–Osborne, GHI 86, probably of 334 bc). Alexander's edict, concerning the status of a number of dependent communities in the vicinity of Priene, such as Naulochon, has played a prominent role in modern scholarship on Alexander's Philhellenism, the nature and extent of ‘royal land’ in the former Achaemenid empire, the civic life of the Greek poleis of western Asia Minor in the early Hellenistic period, and ancient archival practices. Much of this modern scholarship, however, is based on questionable restorations of fragmentary passages in the edict. This chapter offers alternative reconstructions of three critical clauses in the edict, which (if correct) shed a new light on Alexander's policies towards the Greek cities of Asia Minor in the earliest days of his Asiatic campaign.

Keywords: Achaemenid Empire; Alexander the Great; archival practices; Asia Minor; dependent communities; edict; Hellenistic period; Naulochon; Philhellenism; Priene

Chapter.  6822 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Classical History

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