Chapter

Two Overlooked Attic Inscriptions

G. E. Malouchou

in Epigraphical Approaches to the Post-classical Polis

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780199652143
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745935 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652143.003.0013

Series: Oxford Studies in Ancient Documents

Two Overlooked Attic Inscriptions

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This chapter examines two inscriptions from Athens that have been totally neglected since their discovery in the nineteenth century by Kyriakos Pittakes, the father of archaeology in Greece. The first text is an unpublished fragment of the so-called phialai inscriptions, which have been traditionally thought to record manumitted slaves, their professions, and the bowls they dedicated to commemorate their confirmed free status following lawsuits. The second inscribed monument is a mortgage-horos of a piece of property that was probably owned by a woman. Amongst other remarkable aspects of this text, one should mention the identification of the creditor as a member of the liturgical class and the occurrence of a very unusual verbal form. The re-discovery of both inscriptions was based on close study of the archive of the nineteenth-century Greek archaeologist P. Eustratiades, a good reminder of the importance of scrutinizing the scholarly production of the early stage of Classical archaeology.

Keywords: archive; Athens; Classical archaeology; creditor; mortgage-horos; manumitted slaves; phialai inscriptions; property

Chapter.  6568 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Classical History

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