Jonardon Ganeri

in The Self

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199652365
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191740718 | DOI:

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This chapter derives a new theory of emergence through discussion of Cārvāka. Emergence through “transformation” (pariṇāma) is the idea that the emergence of mental states occurs only within a dynamical system, one whose physical states are in a constant process of flux produced by the fusion of elements and their microcausal powers. The microdynamic in this dynamical system jointly specifies the physical and mental state of the system at any given time, and does so only with reference to both the physical and the mental state of the system at earlier times. Because the domain is itself in a state of flux, the microdynamic will have variables taking mental property instantiations, physical property instantiations and micro‐entities as values. Supervenience functions simply as a constraining condition, one of the equations that define the system. This is a version of the Tornado View mentioned above. This chapter claims that the notion of transformation leads to a formulation of emergence in which the twin demands of dependence and autonomy are respected, and sense is given to the idea of downward causation.

Keywords: transformation; emergence; Bhaṭṭa Udbhaṭa; downward causation; dynamical system; autonomy

Chapter.  6578 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Mind

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