Revolution, Restoration, and Reform

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199653577
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191744594 | DOI:
Revolution, Restoration, and Reform

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This chapter discusses the French Revolution. Capitalist entrepreneurs were not forefront in promoting revolution. However, both the absolutist state and the bourgeoisie (mostly lawyers and journalists) aimed to re-establish government on the basis of commercial civil society. The revolutionary attempt to directly replace aristocratic ruling elites with the authority of the parliamentary National Assembly failed, and the army led by Napoleon Bonaparte filled the vacuum. After Napoleon's defeat, Britain's social compromise in the 1832 Great Reform act is discussed.

Keywords: French Revolution; Napoleon Bonaparte; Bourgeoisie; Great Reform Act

Chapter.  8252 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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