Holding Back the Tide

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199653577
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191744594 | DOI:
Holding Back the Tide

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Holy Alliance Europe, post-Napoleon, was fearful of parliamentary innovation, and paid a price for this in downgrading war-making capacity and commercial development. Britain and the US were seen as impressively commercial constitutionalisms, but sui generis models that could not easily be exported. Liberalism and Carlism in Spain, and ‘Bourgeois Monarchy’ in France are discussed. François Guizot's work in defining the ‘bourgeoisie’ as a political agent is highlighted.

Keywords: François Guizot; Holy Alliance; Carlism; bourgeoisie

Chapter.  5300 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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