Chapter

Liberalism and the State

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199653577
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191744594 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.003.0006
Liberalism and the State

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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The post-revolution state emerged strengthened, and the Crimean War indicated that war as a means to state aggrandisement was very much back in the repertoire of governmental action. Louis Napoleon's Imperial France led the way. Britain was an impressive imperial, commercial, and liberal power; but constraints on its executive were beginning to tell on its international room for manoeuvre. The race-question and civil war made the USA less than an altogether enticing model. Austrian neo-absolutism suffered from its lack of constitutionalism, and after being humbled in international relations turned to a parliamentary settlement of sorts (the 1867 Ausgleich). Piedmont, led by Count Cavour, combined constitutionalism, commercialism, war-making, and international politicking to good effect in its drive to unite Italy under its aegis.

Keywords: neo-absolutism; Crimean War; US Civil War; Ausgleich; Louis Napoleon

Chapter.  8690 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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