Communism and Fascism

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199653577
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191744594 | DOI:
Communism and Fascism

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


Show Summary Details


In Weimar Germany, parliamentary democracy stabilized, but at the cost of entrenching the power of the reactionary ‘permanent state’ (army, most police forces, judiciary, most civil servants). Constitutionalism in Italy, wracked by bourgeois / socialist conflict, collapsed into Fascism. In Soviet Russia, the prostration of the proletariat and elimination of the bourgeoisie created a vacuum filled by the Leviathan state. Elsewhere, the Red challenge was beaten back, but bourgeois confidence in democracy was left diminished. The economic Slump from 1929 put the very future of capitalism into question, radicalising Fascism in Italy and preparing the way for a an anti-Semitic Nazi take-over in Germany. Constitutionalism reached a low ebb.

Keywords: Weimar; Stalin; Mussolini; Fascism; Hitler; Nazi Party; anti-Semitism

Chapter.  10908 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.