Chapter

The Pivot of’68: New Left and New Right

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199653577
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191744594 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.003.0014
The Pivot of’68: New Left and New Right

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America fought the Vietnam War as a warrant for its solidity as an anti-Communist ally. In so doing, it brought to the surface widespread concerns that consumerist capitalism was being corrupted by militarism and ethical hypocrisy. The movements of 1968 rejected the shades of pre-war authoritarianism and intimations of neo-authoritarianism. In this, it was successful to a considerable degree. With the state partly de-legitimized, New Left and New Right ideas jostled for succession. As post-war capitalism entered into crisis, due to a squeeze on bourgeois income from a militant labour movement, Neo-Liberalism emerged as the bearer of libertarianism. Democratic revolution in the Mediterranean indicated that the threat of social revolution was now far more easily contained. Euro-Communism presaged a drawing of the claws of ‘proletarian democracy’.

Keywords: Vietnam War; 1968; New Left; New Right; Neo-Liberalism; Mediterranean Revolutions; Euro-Communism

Chapter.  11547 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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