Chapter

Early loanwords from Latin and Greek

D. Gary Miller

in External Influences on English

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199654260
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191742064 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654260.003.0004
Early loanwords from Latin and Greek

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The main phonological changes from Latin to Vulgar Latin / Romance and from early Germanic to Old English are outlined in order to devise criteria for dating prehistoric borrowings. This is followed by a discussion of about 40 Old English words from Greek and some 90 from Latin. While this is a small number compared to the 600–700 Old English words from Latin and Greek, the words in this chapter are sufficiently important culturally as to survive into Modern English, and have some phonological or other property that permits dating. Reborrowings feature prominently in the history of the words in this chapter.

Keywords: borrowings; Greek; Latin; Old English; reborrowings; Romance; Vulgar Latin; Modern English

Chapter.  16730 words. 

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics

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