Liberal Welfare States and the Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion

Diane Sainsbury

in Welfare States and Immigrant Rights

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199654772
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191744747 | DOI:
Liberal Welfare States and the Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion

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This chapter traces changes in immigrants' social rights first in the United States and then in the United Kingdom. The politics of inclusion and exclusion in the US have centered on the extension and contraction of immigrants' welfare rights. In Britain the universalism of the early postwar welfare state encompassed all residents, and the politics of inclusion have been less concerned with the extension of social rights to immigrants but rather with strengthening their social rights through anti-discrimination legislation. The contraction of immigrants' social rights, however, resulted in quite similar policy outputs — lengthy bans on utilizing means tested benefits — but the politics behind the policies was quite different. The concluding discussion summarizes the contrasts and similarities in the politics of exclusion in the two countries.

Keywords: US; welfare benefits; UK; anti-discrimination legislation; means tested benefits

Chapter.  15358 words. 

Subjects: Political Economy

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