Book

Brain Drain and Brain Gain

Edited by Tito Boeri, Herbert Brücker, Frédéric Docquier and Hillel Rapoport

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199654826
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191742095 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.001.0001
Brain Drain and Brain Gain

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This volume reviews the most recent research on brain drain and brain gain, producing new original results by the means of data sources specifically assembled for this study, and addressing several key policy issues. Part I focuses on brain gain, that is, it takes the standpoint of the recipient country. The first section provides an overview of skill‐selective immigration policies in the main destination countries and of the major shifts in these policies which have been recently observed. It also documents the strong economic gains from immigration of highly skilled migrants. But what drives the decisions of highly skilled migrants as to where to locate? The econometric analyses performed by the authors indicate that it is mainly the labour market that is key to attracting talent, wage premia on education in particular. R&D spending also induces greater inflows of highly skilled migrants, while generous welfare benefits and strict employment protection end up attracting more unskilled workers. Part II is devoted to the consequences of brain drain, taking the point of view of the sending country. This second section provides for the first time a measure of the net global impact of the brain drain on sending countries. The results indicate that most developing countries experience a net gain from skilled emigration. Adverse overall impacts are found to be limited only to a subset of countries exhibiting very high skilled emigration rates. A number of policy recommendations are also offered to increase the benefits of brain drain.

Keywords: migration; selective migration policy; highly skilled migrants; brain gain; brain drain; migration trends; determinants of migration; return migration; diaspora externalities

Book.  336 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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Table of Contents

Introduction in Brain Drain and Brain Gain

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Introduction in Brain Drain and Brain Gain

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Conclusions in Brain Drain and Brain Gain

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