Chapter

Selecting the Highly Skilled: An Overview of Current Policy Approaches

Herbert Brücker, Simone Bertoli, Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda and Giovanni Peri

in Brain Drain and Brain Gain

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199654826
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191742095 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.003.0003
Selecting the Highly Skilled: An Overview of Current Policy Approaches

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This chapter provides a brief overview of skill‐selective immigration policies in the main destination countries and of the major shifts in these policies that have been recently observed. First, it outlines the main approaches to selecting highly skilled immigrants. Second, it describes the main features of these approaches in countries which have a long tradition in selecting highly skilled immigrants, that is Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the USA. Third, it describes the approach of the EU in entering the talent contest, particularly the ‘blue card’ recently adopted by the European Council. Fourth, it discusses the changes in the immigration policies of some of the main destination countries in the EU. Finally, it presents the results of a survey of government officials on the use of skill‐selective immigration policies carried out by the United Nations.

Keywords: migration; selective migration policy; highly skilled migrants; blue card; european union

Chapter.  5350 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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