Encoding collocations in DiCoInfo: From formal to user-friendly representations

Marie-Claude L’Homme, Benoît Robichaud and Patrick Leroyer

in Electronic Lexicography

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199654864
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745966 | DOI:
Encoding collocations in DiCoInfo: From formal to user-friendly representations

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This chapter presents an online lexical database and shows how some of its data categories have been converted to make them more accessible to users. The database is called DiCoInfo and contains English, French and Spanish terms related to the fields of computing and the Internet. Entries are compiled according to the principles of Explanatory Combinatorial Lexicology, ECL (Mel’čuk et al. 1995). It first describes the basic structure of the entry, focussing on the encoding of collocations (based on lexical functions). Then, it shows how the meaning of collocations can be described with natural language explanations, how actantial structures can be better reflected in these explanations, how users can browse collocations in order to find collocates that express specific meanings, and search for translations of collocations. Finally, it explains that, even though the encoding performed by lexicographers is semi-formal and proves necessary for all the new functionalities described, it can still lend itself to adaptations defined according to specific user needs.

Keywords: specialized lexical database; collocation; lexical function; user needs; data presentation; explanatory combinatorial lexicology; translation; data access

Chapter.  8205 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Lexicography ; Semantics

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