Chapter

The clause and VP

Erich R. Round

in Kayardild Morphology and Syntax

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199654871
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745560 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654871.003.0005

Series: Oxford Studies of Endangered Languages

The clause and VP

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Chapter 5 sets forth a formal analysis of inflectional features associated with full clauses and verb phrases (VPs). It examines sejunct and nonsejunct complementization and posits two complementization features, one of which blocks the realization of the other, and both of which attach to S-category nodes. Crucial evidence comes from topicalized and focalized DPs. Types of embedded S and VP and their permissible DP constituents are examined, with two new adverbial embedded VP types identified. Conditions on multiple verb heads are discussed, and arguments presented for the existence of two distinct verbal complement DP positions. An analysis of tense inflection motivates an articulated clause structure with features attaching, and DPs adjoining, at various heights. Arguments are furnished in defence of a syntactic analysis and against a diacritic analysis of the inflectional facts.

Keywords: Kayardild; inflection; clause structure; embedding; concord; agreement; topicalization; focalization; tense; syntax

Chapter.  15260 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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