God in History: The Kingdom of Freedom

Peter C. Hodgson

in Shapes of Freedom

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199654956
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741333 | DOI:
God in History: The Kingdom of Freedom

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‘Surchronic’ means an intensification of the temporal, a more primordial and infinite temporality, which is what Hegel calls the eternal history of God, a history that provides the depth dimension to purpose and development. World history is the outworking of the eternal history of God. Thus a theological aspect is integral to Hegel’s philosophical world history: he reconstructs the idea of God in temporal-historical categories as the trinitarian becoming of absolute spirit — the ‘true infinite’ that engenders and includes the finite. The proofs of God constitute a spiralling movement between finite and infinite. History manifests the rule of God (‘providence’); it functions as the justification of God (‘theodicy’); and the end of history can be described as a ‘kingdom of freedom’, which occurs whenever human spirit finds its home in God and human practices advance freedom in face of tragic conflict and ever-recurring repression. Today it must be acknowledged that the work of God in history remains fragile and incomplete.

Keywords: temporality; eternity; God; Trinity; infinite/finite; providence; theodicy; kingdom of freedom

Chapter.  17743 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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