Chapter

Militarization and Wartime Conscription

Matthews James

in Reluctant Warriors

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199655748
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199949953 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655748.003.0002

Series: Oxford Historical Monographs

Militarization and Wartime Conscription

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This chapter examines the developments in Spain from the July 1936 coup until the implementation of conventional wartime military service within both Republican and Nationalist zones. It analyzes the different Nationalist and Republican routes to mass mobilization once it became clear to both that the conflict in Spain would become a drawn-out affair. Although the combatants of the first hour were often volunteers organized in mobile columns and ad hoc units, both sides quickly imposed conscription within their respective zones. While the decision to conscript was straightforward for the Nationalists, it was politically charged for the Republicans. Their goals, however, were identical – to increase the number of fighting men at their disposal.

Keywords: militarization; conscription; mobilization; militia; volunteers; coup

Chapter.  8690 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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