Chapter

Mechanisms of Conscription

Matthews James

in Reluctant Warriors

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199655748
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199949953 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655748.003.0003

Series: Oxford Historical Monographs

Mechanisms of Conscription

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This chapter analyzes the methods the two sides used to conscript men in the territories they controlled and examines the process from call-up to placement in a combatant unit. The militia phase of the Spanish Civil War only lasted for the early months of fighting and both Nationalists and Republicans quickly realized the need to mobilize the male population under their control. Both sides operated almost identical recruiting methods during the civil war. The reasons for this are twofold. Firstly, a system of recruitment was already in place in Spain for mass conscription in the case of international war. It was practical for both sides to use existing structures to mobilize during the civil war. Secondly, and in contrast to the decentralized militia recruitment on both sides, professional military officers who had studied identical doctrines were responsible for mobilization.

Keywords: recruitment methods; mass conscription; logistics; call-up; mass mobilization

Chapter.  12594 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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