Health impact assessment in the USA

Andrew Dannenberg and Aaron Wernham

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199656011
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191748028 | DOI:
Health impact assessment in the USA

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This chapter discusses the development of health impact assessment (HIA) in the USA. The use of HIA in the USA began in approximately 1999. Early HIAs by the San Francisco Department of Public Health and the University of California, Los Angeles examined the impacts on health of proposed living wage ordinances. Subsequently, a number of efforts led to increasing interest in HIA as a tool to inform decision making related to the built environment, such as urban planning, redevelopment proposals, and transportation projects, and related to policies outside the health sector that affect health. To date, most HIAs in the USA have been carried out without a specific legislative mandate or regulatory requirement. They have been led by public health officials in local, state, or tribal health departments; by academic public health professionals; by community-based organizations seeking to promote the consideration of health; and by professionals in allied disciplines such as urban planning.

Keywords: HIA; United States; health policy; San Francisco Department of Public Health; University of California Los Angeles; living wage ordinances; urban planning

Chapter.  6050 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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