Chapter

Health impact assessment in Thailand

Siriwan Chandanachulaka

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199656011
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191748028 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0026
Health impact assessment in Thailand

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The legal status of HIA in Thailand is quite well developed. Three pieces of legislation governing HIA are the Thai Constitution, the National Health Act and the Enhancement and Conservation of National Environmental Quality Act. HIA can be conducted in three forms: project HIA (combine with EIA/ EHIA or separate HIA); policy HIA and HIA as a social learning process. Development at Map Ta Phut have been a driving force for HIA. Local people worked with a committee set up to solve implementation of the relevant section of the Thai Constitution (section 67 paragraph 2). Rules and regulations and other related documents were established including rules for preparation and consideration of EHIA; lists of projects/activities which have been notified as possibly seriously harmful to community; roles of independent organization in providing opinions on such projects/activities. Four cases study of EIA/EHIAs are also analyzed. Challenges and obstacles are found, and further development is recommended.

Keywords: health impact assessment; environmental impact assessment; environmental and health impact assessment; map ta Phut; constitution of the kingdom of Thailand; national health act; enhancement and conservation of national environmental quality act; HIA process

Chapter.  2357 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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