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Health impact assessment in developing countries

Gary Krieger, Burton Singer, Mirko Winkler, Mark Divall, Marcel Tanner and Jürg Utzinger

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199656011
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191748028 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0029
Health impact assessment in developing countries

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Health impact assessment (HIA) is an approach that holds promise to raise the profile of health within the policy formation and programme planning and assessment cycle in the extractive industries in the developing world. Reviewing our experience of conducting HIA in the mining, oil/gas, water resource and agriculture/bioenergy sectors, we note that there are currently two models at play. First, a ‘western’ multilateral lending/development approach that ties projects to defined environmental, social and health performance standards. Second, a commercial strategy that links resource/commodity development agreements with the provision of infrastructure in the contracting country. Although it is currently not possible to compare the two models from a health impact perspective due to the paucity of long-term monitoring, evaluation and surveillance systems, we believe that HIA as a resources platform in a developing country context can foster meaningful and sustainable actions as part of socially responsible development at local, national and global levels.

Keywords: health impact assessment; integrated impact assessment; developing country; extractive industries; private sector; public sector; multilateral lending institution; Chinese investment model; visualization

Chapter.  4091 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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