Chapter

Health impact assessment in Ghana

Kwaku Poku Asante and Seth Owusu-Agyei

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199656011
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191748028 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0030
Health impact assessment in Ghana

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This chapter discusses health impact assessments (HIA) the growing economy of Ghana in West Africa. HIA in Ghana has traditionally been done as part of the environmental impact assessment prior to the start of large industrial projects such as mining, road construction and dam building as a legal requirement. The legal framework governing HIA in Ghana and their evolution over time is outlined in this chapter. HIAs conducted as part of major industrial projects in Ghana constructed at various times are described in this chapter. This includes a hydroelectric dam (Volta River Project) in 1962; a mining project (the Newmont Ahafo Project) in 2006; the oil and gas industry (the Jubilee fields) in 2010. The methods used in the HIAs and programmes implemented to prevent potential health impacts on diseases such as malaria, HIV/AIDS; and disease related factors such as poverty and environmental sanitation are reviewed.

Keywords: health; impact; assessment; West Africa; Ghana; industry; challenges; recommendation

Chapter.  3114 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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