Chapter

A perspective on health impact assessment, global health, and the role of the WHO

Carlos Dora

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199656011
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191748028 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0031
A perspective on health impact assessment, global health, and the role of the WHO

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This chapter discusses health impact assessment (HIA) and the World Health Organization (WHO). HIA has been a long-standing focus of WHO's work. Applications of HIA are reflected on the technical level in the practice and expertise existing in member states and expert groups. On the policy level, WHO has been able to respond to opportunities presented by international debates, such as the environmental health movement in Europe, the issues raised by natural resource extraction in developing countries, and movements towards a green economy and sustainable development. WHO used an HIA framework to formulate the response to its issues and to include health in these policy debates, with the overall goal of prevention of disease and health promotion through policy decisions and investments in those sectors. HIA has been a useful framework for achieving HiAP, as it includes focus on the evidence base (for health impacts of a policy decision), on facilitating participation in the policy debate (through access to tangible information on the project/policy expected impacts), and on encouraging baseline assessments, monitoring, and evaluation of policy and project performance.

Keywords: HIA; World Health Organization; public health; environmental health; sustainable development; disease prevention; health promotion

Chapter.  3696 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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