Inferential Knowledge

José L. Zalabardo

in Scepticism and Reliable Belief

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199656073
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191742132 | DOI:
Inferential Knowledge

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This chapter addresses the following question: assuming that E provides adequate support for H, as explicated in Chapter 4, how would a subject have to be related to E and to the relationship between E and H, in order to have inferential knowledge of H based on the evidence provided by E? The preliminary answer to the question provided here is that the subject needs to know E and that E supports H. The bulk of the chapter is devoted to dealing with two problems arising from treating these as sufficient conditions for knowledge. The first is a version of the Gettier problem. The second is the fact that this view would force us to treat Moorean inferences and bootstrapping arguments as cases of inferential knowledge. The chapter introduces two additional conditions on inferential knowledge to deal with these issues.

Keywords: inferential knowledge; evidence; Edmund Gettier; transmission; bootstrapping; epistemic circularity; Moorean inferences; closure

Chapter.  13517 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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